The wildlife hall of the Aravallis in Gurgaon and Faridabad harbours a richer “variety of mammals” than the Asola Wildlife Sanctuary, regardless of not having as a lot safety, in line with a current examine. The discovering, its proponents say, signifies the significance of preserving this part of forest cowl in Haryana.
The examine — a “systematic assessment” of mammals within the wildlife hall shaped by the Aravalli hills in Gurgaon and Faridabad with the Asola Wildlife Sanctuary in Delhi — has been carried out by Sunil Harsana, a researcher from Mangar village, with “inputs” from ecologist Dr Ghazala Shahabuddin and environmental analyst Chetan Agarwal. Dr Shahabuddin and Agarwal are additionally Senior Fellows on the Centre for Ecology, Improvement and Analysis (CEDAR).
Performed over two seasons in 2019, the examine is “supported” by WWF-India Small Grants Programme and CEDAR.
Chatting with The Indian Categorical, Harsana stated, “The most interesting finding of the study was that in comparison to Asola, the Haryana portion of the Aravallis had more wildlife movement — despite the fact that Asola is a wildlife sanctuary and has more legal protection.”
That is said within the examine as effectively: “Both Gurgaon and Faridabad Aravallis were found to harbour extremely rich variety of mammals, more so than Asola WLS which is the only part of this area having formal protection as a wildlife sanctuary…”
It states that this may be attributed to “the attitude of tolerance to wildlife” amongst the native inhabitants, “general low density of people”, and “subsistence agricultural practices” prevalent within the two districts.
“The study indicated that the hotspot of wildlife in this corridor is actually between Damdama and Mangar Bani, and wildlife moves from there to Asola through the Aravalli in Faridabad. This indicates that Asola will survive as long as the Aravalli region of Gurgaon and Faridabad survives. If this finishes, Asola will automatically finish as well. It is, hence, critical to protect this region,” stated Harsana.
The examine reveals that 15 species of mammals have been recorded within the 200 sq km space that was lined, together with Gurgaon Aravallis, Mangar Bani, Faridabad Aravallis, and Asola Wildlife Sanctuary. Though the biggest variety of species was recorded in Faridabad Aravallis (14), adopted by Gurgaon Aravallis (11), Mangar Bani (10) and Asola (9), the encounter charges in Mangar Bani and Gurgaon Aravallis have been 30% increased.
Leopard species, the examine discovered, “may be increasing” on this area, which can be indicated by “increasing trend in conflict situations and road-kills over the last 10 years”. The density of leopards and different endangered species, together with striped hyena, the examine finds, is roughly double in Gurgaon Aravallis of what it’s in Faridabad and Asola.
Warning that highways, particularly the Gurgaon-Faridabad Expressway, and rising building are a “major threat” to the wildlife hall, the examine states, “It is imperative to control land use change and protect the wildlife corridor and habitat from further fragmentation, construction and deforestation…”
Dr Shahabuddin reiterated this, stating that the Gurgaon-Faridabad expressway poses a significant barrier to motion of wildlife between the Aravallis of Delhi and Haryana.
“Construction of expressways and highways, and planning, also needs to take into account wildlife in the city, such as by constructing underpasses or flyovers that allow at least a portion of the wildlife to cross from one part to the other and prevent complete fragmentation of wildlife populations between Aravallis of Delhi and Haryana. It is rare for such a densely populated metropolitan area to have this kind of wildlife… Community-based conservation must be looked at which doesn’t restrict what is already happening in terms of grazing and farming — it is the low carbon lifestyle of the local people that is helping to conserve the area,” she advised The Indian Categorical.
“The government needs to understand that even if you just protect this section of the Aravalli, most species will be able to regenerate….,” she stated.